UNICEF State of Palestine Humanitarian Report # 2 – Mid-year January 1 – July 31, 2021 – Occupied Palestinian Territory
Situation in figures
1,200,000 Total number of children in need of humanitarian assistance
2,450,000 Total number of people in need (OCHA HNO 2021)
658,528 # of children to be reached (UNICEF HAC 2021)
1,088,745 # of people to reach (UNICEF HAC 2021)
As a result of the escalation in the Gaza Strip, 67 children were killed and 685 injured. Two Israeli children were killed and 60 were reportedly injured. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, 9 Palestinian children were killed between May 7 and July 31, and 556 children were reportedly injured. At least 170 Palestinian children from East Jerusalem have been arrested.
As of July 31, 2021, there were 345,702 confirmed cases of COVID-19, of which 50% were women and 12% were children under the age of 18.
In light of the recent escalation, Humanitarian Appeal for Children 2021 needs have increased to a total of $ 46,202,701, with a gap of $ 31,548,342 (68%).
UNICEF and partners have successfully restored WASH services for 415,000 affected people by providing fuel for generators, chemicals and spare parts for water production and treatment, and repairing infrastructure damaged water and sanitation.
In the second quarter of 2021, family centers in the Gaza Strip assisted 4,043 vulnerable children (51% girls) with structured psychosocial support, including individual counseling, group counseling, life skills, counseling sessions. ‘child-parent interaction and other psychosocial support group activities. .
UNICEF launched summer activities in the Gaza Strip, providing access to learning and recreation programs to 55,000 vulnerable children and adolescents. In East Jerusalem, a remedial education program reached 240 vulnerable children, including children with disabilities.
UNICEF has also started emergency rehabilitation of the first batch of 20 damaged schools (out of 46 schools that UNICEF has committed to repair in the Gaza Strip). After rehabilitation is complete, nearly 50,000 children (54 percent are girls) will safely return to school by mid-August.
UNICEF continued to support the Ministry of Health by providing 11 essential drugs to 195,800 people and 18 consumer items to 35,000 people in the Gaza Strip.
Funding overview and partnerships
In light of the recent escalation, the needs of the Humanitarian Appeal for Children (HAC) 2021 have increased to US $ 46,202,701 to cover humanitarian and multi-crisis recovery needs in the State of Palestine (SoP) .
UNICEF has received funds from the governments of Japan, Norway, Iceland, Ireland and Canada, UNOCHA, the French Committee for UNICEF, the German Committee for UNICEF and from the UNICEF Global Thematic Humanitarian Fund. However, the HAC 2021 appeal still has a funding gap of US $ 31,548,342 (68%).
Without sufficient funds, UNICEF will be unable to continue to respond to urgent humanitarian needs, support the country’s national response to ongoing crises, and contribute to building the resilience of communities and strengthening national systems. For example, 9,000 children affected by conflict will not benefit from emergency cash transfers, 33,000 children will not benefit from mental health and psychosocial support interventions. In addition, UNICEF and its partners would not be able to continue providing vital and sustainable water and sanitation services to more than 811,000 people, support a safe return to schools over 307,000 and children, and complete emergency repairs to 13 health facilities and 26 schools.
Situation overview and humanitarian needs
The State of Palestine is affected by a protracted protection crisis and suffers from chronic humanitarian challenges. Currently, 2.5 million people, including 1.2 million children, living in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian situation has recently deteriorated with rising tensions in East Jerusalem, the escalation of hostilities in the Gaza Strip in May 2021 and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The financial crisis is deepening, political divisions persisting and political conflict protracted which have left Palestinians vulnerable to violence and deprived of access to essential basic services.
During the recent escalation in the Gaza Strip, 67 children were killed and 685 were reportedly injured. Two Israeli children were killed and 60 were reportedly injured. Tensions continue in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. Nine Palestinian children were killed between May 7 and July 31, and 556 children were reportedly injured, including live ammunition, rubber bullets, stun grenades and tear gas. In East Jerusalem, at least 170 Palestinian children were arrested during the same period.
Following the escalation of violence in the State of Palestine in May 2021, the needs for child protection, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) have increased dramatically. In the Gaza Strip, an estimated 675,000 children are in need of SMSPS services, while more than 15,000 children need similar support in the West Bank, requiring the intervention of all protection partners. childhood and SMSPS.
The Rapid Damage Needs Assessment (RDNA), conducted after the recent escalation by the World Bank, the EU and the UN, estimates that 116 private kindergartens and 140 public school buildings suffered damage, in addition to of 41 UNRWA school buildings. In addition, 63 other UNRWA school buildings were damaged because they housed around 70,000 internally displaced people in the Gaza Strip who sought refuge in these schools during the escalation.
The Education Cluster also estimates that more than 500,000 people are in need of humanitarian education assistance across the State of Palestine, including nearly 10,000 people living with disabilities (CWD), who are facing challenges. to access quality education in a safe and child-friendly environment.
Access to drinking water and sanitation remains a major daily struggle for a large part of the population. The escalation of hostilities in the Gaza Strip has resulted in the deterioration of 290 WASH infrastructures and an interruption in the supply of electricity. It increased restrictions on access to essential WASH supplies, compromising the ability of partners to deliver WASH services. As a result, some 1.3 million people in Gaza alone do not have access to safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and adequate hygiene items.
Health services in the Gaza Strip were also severely affected by the May 2021 escalation, with 33 health facilities damaged during the conflict. The spread of COVID-19 also continued for a second year in a row, exacerbating existing vulnerabilities, affecting the well-being of children and limiting boys and girls’ access to essential services. As of July 31, 2021, there were 345,702 confirmed cases of COVID-19, of which 50% were women and 12% were children under the age of 18.
In the Gaza Strip, limitations are still in place on supplies needed for critical reconstruction, as well as basic livelihoods and services. At the end of July, the Kerem Shalom crossing point in the Gaza Strip was only open to enter specific essential items and limited humanitarian goods.
Humanitarian access for supplies in the Gaza Strip remains a concern, with significantly reduced material availability in the local market. There is an urgent need to import certain materials, especially for WASH and other reconstruction projects severely impacted by recent hostilities. An additional challenge is the continued ban on the entry of “dual-use” materials into the Gaza Strip, which restricts the transfer of essential goods. This affects the operation and maintenance of vital water and sanitation facilities and infrastructure and the only power plant in the Gaza Strip. The long process of importing supplies also calls into question the timely delivery of humanitarian aid.